Identity and Access Management (IAM) is a crucial aspect of cybersecurity and data protection. It involves processes, technologies, and policies that ensure the right individuals or entities have appropriate access to resources and data within an organization’s systems. IAM helps organizations manage user identities, authenticate users securely, and control their access permissions. Key components of IAM include authentication, authorization, user provisioning, and access control. It plays a vital role in safeguarding sensitive information, preventing unauthorized access, and ensuring compliance with security regulations. Additionally, IAM simplifies user management and enhances productivity by enabling features like Single Sign-On (SSO) and role-based access control (RBAC).