Announcement

This revised draft addresses the public comments provided for the preliminary draft released in June 2021.

Ransomware is a type of malware that encrypts an organization’s data and demands payment as a condition of restoring access to that data. In some instances, ransomware may also steal an organization’s information and demand additional payment in return for not disclosing the information to authorities, competitors, or the public. Ransomware attacks target organizations’ data or critical infrastructure, disrupting or halting operations. 

This report defines a Ransomware Profile, which identifies security objectives from the NIST Cybersecurity Framework that support preventing, responding to, and recovering from ransomware events. The profile can be used as a guide to managing the risk of ransomware events. That includes helping gauge an organization’s level of readiness to mitigate ransomware threats and to react to the potential impact of events.

NOTE: A call for patent claims is included on page iii of this draft.  For additional information, see the Information Technology Laboratory (ITL) Patent Policy–Inclusion of Patents in ITL Publications.For additional information, visit our Ransomware Protection and Response page.

Abstract

Ransomware is a type of malicious attack where attackers encrypt an organization’s data and demand payment to restore access. In some instances, attackers may also steal an organization’s information and demand an additional payment in return for not disclosing the information to authorities, competitors, or the public. This Ransomware Profile identifies the Cybersecurity Framework Version 1.1 security objectives that support preventing, responding to, and recovering from ransomware events. The profile can be used as a guide to managing the risk of ransomware events. That includes helping to gauge an organization’s level of readiness to counter ransomware threats and to deal with the potential consequences of events.

Keywords

Cybersecurity Framework; detect; identify; protect; ransomware; recover; respond; risk; security

Source: https://csrc.nist.gov/publications/detail/nistir/8374/draft